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    In re Gregory, No. 21-20607 (Bankr. E.D. Wis. Dec. 23, 2021) (December 2021) -- Judge K.M. Perhach
    A mortgage creditor objected that its claim was secured only by a security interest in real property that was the Chapter 13 debtors’ principal residence and 11 U.S.C. § 1322(b)(2)’s anti-modification provision prohibited the debtors’ proposed modification of its claim. After conducting an evidentiary hearing, the Court sustained the objection to confirmation. Based on the testimony and evidence presented at the hearing, the Court found that at the time the petition was filed, the debtors were living in the property at issue as their principal residence. Section 1322(b)(2) prohibited the debtors’ proposed cramdown of the mortgage creditor’s claim.


    In re Eatertainment Milwaukee, LLC, No. 21-25733 (Bankr. E.D. Wis. Nov. 19, 2021) (November 2021) -- Judge K.M. Perhach
    The Chapter 11 debtor was the successor to a former tenant of the Punch Bowl Social bar and restaurant in downtown Milwaukee. The new tenant of the Punch Bowl Social location filed an “Emergency Motion for Relief from the Automatic Stay, to the Extent it May Apply,” asking the Court to determine whether the debtor had abandoned property at the leased premises and, if not, what property was property of the bankruptcy estate. The new tenant argued that much of the property was a fixture, the stay did not apply to those fixtures, and the fixtures should remain at the premises. The debtor argued that almost none of the property was a fixture and that the property was property of the estate and could easily be removed. After conducting an evidentiary hearing, the Court concluded that the debtor had not abandoned any of the property at issue at the premises. The Court determined that certain property was a fixture and therefore not property of the debtor/bankruptcy estate, determined that certain other property was property of the debtor/bankruptcy estate, and found that it could not determine the status of the remaining property at issue given the evidence presented at the evidentiary hearing.


    Meadows v. Ledesma (In re Ledesma), Ch. 7 Case No. 20-22941-kmp, Adv. No. 20-2129, 2021 WL 4514678, 2021 Bankr. LEXIS 2712 (Bankr. E.D. Wis. Oct. 1, 2021) (October 2021) -- Judge K.M. Perhach
    The plaintiff filed a motion for summary judgment on his claims to deny the debtor’s discharge pursuant to 11 U.S.C. § 727(a)(3) based on the debtor’s failure to keep records about his financial condition and business transactions and pursuant to § 727(a)(4) based on knowing and fraudulent false oaths made by the debtor. The plaintiff established that the debtor failed to keep records from which his financial condition might be ascertained, and the debtor did not offer any compelling argument or evidence that this failure was justified. Most problematically, the Debtor failed to provide any record accounting for almost $35,000 that he received through services like Cash App and Venmo.

    The plaintiff also established that the debtor “knowingly and fraudulently, in or in connection with the case made a false oath or account.” Although determinations about a person’s intent are often ill-suited for summary judgment, the plaintiff demonstrated a pattern of omissions and conflicting statements that led to the conclusion that the debtor acted with an intent to defraud. At the summary judgment stage, a “put up or shut up moment,” the debtor failed to file affidavits or exhibits to assert that facts were genuinely disputed as contemplated by Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c)(1), instead relying on unsupported representations in counsel’s brief. The representations did not constitute evidence and could not defeat summary judgment.


    Bach v. Office of Lawyer Regulation et al. (In re Bach), Ch. 7 Case No 20-23343-kmp, Adv. No. 21-2020, 2021 WL 4514680, 2021 Bankr. LEXIS 2714 (Bankr. E.D. Wis. Oct. 1, 2021) (October 2021) -- Judge K.M. Perhach
    Defendants JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. and Federal National Mortgage Association filed a motion to dismiss the debtor-plaintiff’s claims against them based on lack of subject-matter jurisdiction under the Rooker-Feldman doctrine. Because the claims had already been considered and rejected in foreclosure cases in state court, the Court granted the motion and dismissed the claims. Even if the Court had subject-matter jurisdiction, issue preclusion or claim preclusion barred the debtor-plaintiff from relitigating some of the claims.


    In re Hobbs, No. 20-27572-kmp (Bankr. E.D. Wis. Sept. 30, 2021) and Kasper v. Hobbs (In re Hobbs), Ch. 7 Case No. 20-27572-kmp, Adv. No. 21-2021 (Bankr. E.D. Wis. Sept. 30, 2021) (September 2021) -- Judge K.M. Perhach
    A creditor filed a motion to disqualify one of the debtor’s attorneys from representing the debtor in the Chapter 7 bankruptcy case and in an adversary proceeding the creditor had filed. The creditor’s claim was the largest filed in the Chapter 7 case, followed by the attorney’s claim for legal fees he incurred representing the debtor in a state court case before the filing of the bankruptcy case. The creditor argued that the lawyer had a concurrent conflict of interest because there was a significant risk that his representation of the debtor would be materially limited by his personal interest in realizing as much of his claim as possible. Even if this were the case, the creditor failed to show that the conflict was not waivable under SCR 20:1.7(b), and the Court denied the motion. Essentially, the creditor took issue with the fact that the lawyer was the creditor’s competitor when it came to the funds available for distribution to creditors in the Chapter 7 case. However, disqualification of the attorney would not result in automatic disallowance of his claim.


    Kasper v. Hobbs (In re Hobbs), Ch. 7 Case No. 20-27572-kmp, Adv. No. 21-2021 (Bankr. E.D. Wis. Sept. 30, 2021) (September 2021) -- Judge K.M. Perhach
    The plaintiff sought a determination that the debtor-defendant owed a nondischargeable debt pursuant to 11 U.S.C. § 523(a)(2)(A) and/or § 523(a)(4). The parties were involved in litigation in state court before the debtor-defendant filed the bankruptcy case. The debtor-defendant removed the action to bankruptcy court and filed a motion to dismiss both the nondischargeability action and the removed action for failure to state a claim upon which relief could be granted. The motion to dismiss asserted that the plaintiff could not establish the existence of a “debt” that was nondischargeable because the state court action was time-barred, or subject to dismissal and a new action would be time-barred. The Court denied the motion, rejecting the debtor-defendant’s contention that service in the state court action was insufficient, relying in part on an earlier denial of a motion to dismiss by the state court. Questions of fact existed as to when the plaintiff’s fraud claim accrued and whether it was barred by the statute of limitations. Because the plaintiff also had a pending claim objection, the Court stated that the issues to be decided at trial were (1) whether there was a debt; (2) the amount of the debt; (3) whether the entire debt or a portion of the debt was nondischargeable based upon false representations, fraud, fraud or defalcation while acting in a fiduciary capacity, embezzlement, or larceny; and (4) the amount of the nondischargeable debt.


    Weyauwega Star Dairy, Inc. v. Loehrke (In re Loehrke), Ch. 11 Case No. 20-24784-kmp, Adv. No. 20-2128, 2021 WL 4449020, 2021 Bankr. LEXIS 2650 (Bankr. E.D. Wis. Sept. 28, 2021) (September 2021) -- Judge K.M. Perhach
    Weyauwega Star Dairy filed a complaint accusing the debtors of defrauding it by selling it milk that was 70% water. The dairy sought a determination that the amount it overpaid the debtors, considering the amount of actual milk it received, was nondischargeable under 11 U.S.C. § 523(a)(2)(A) and/or § 523(a)(6). The debtors filed counterclaims for fraud and breach of the duty of good faith and fair dealing and sought damages in the amount of the “expected gross income from milking” and the amount they believed they should have been paid for their last load of milk. After a trial, the Court determined that the debt owed to the dairy was nondischargeable under both § 523(a)(2)(A) and § 523(a)(6). Among other things, cheese made with the debtors’ milk failed to set, later samples of the debtors’ milk contained mostly water, the debtor had asked his brother to switch a milk sample, and the debtors delivered an unusually steady volume of milk to the dairy even though their herd consisted mostly of cows not suitable to be sold as dairy cows. The debtors did not seriously dispute the damage figure the dairy asserted, and the Court awarded the full amount requested. The Court dismissed the debtors’ counterclaims, finding that they failed to prove either counterclaim or establish damages.


    In re Delain, No. 21-20818-kmp (Bankr. E.D. Wis. Sept. 10, 2021) (September 2021) -- Judge K.M. Perhach
    At the time of the dismissal of the debtor’s case filed under Subchapter V of Chapter 11, the Subchapter V trustee had not filed an application for approval of compensation and had not received any payment for services in the case. Following the dismissal, the trustee filed an application requesting approval of almost $25,000 for her extensive involvement with mediating disputes and supervising the parties. The Court approved the application, making the debtor “liable in the ordinary way (that is, outside of bankruptcy proceedings) to pay the debts that [he] had had as debtor in possession.” In re Sweports, Ltd., 777 F.3d 364, 366 (7th Cir. 2015). The approval of the trustee’s application involved the entry of an order the trustee could “take into state court as a basis for obtaining damages.” Id. at 367.


    Mann v. LSQ Funding Group, L.C. (In re Engstrom, Inc.), Ch. 7 Case No. 20-22839-kmp, Adv. No. 20-2062 (Bankr. E.D. Wis. Aug. 31, 2021) (appeal pending, 21-cv-1070-BHL) (August 2021) -- Judge K.M. Perhach
    The Chapter 7 trustee sued the defendant to avoid and recover an alleged preferential transfer under 11 U.S.C. § 547 and an alleged fraudulent transfer under 11 U.S.C. §§ 544 and 548. The transfer in dispute was a $10 million wire transfer made by a third party to the defendant to pay off a factoring agreement debt owed by the debtor to the defendant. The defendant brought a motion for summary judgment, arguing that the “earmarking” doctrine applied, and because the debtor did not exercise control over the transfer, because the transaction did not diminish the debtor’s estate, and because the transaction simply substituted the third party for the defendant as the debtor’s principal creditor, no “transfer of an interest of the debtor in property” had occurred, an essential element of each of the trustee’s claims. The Court agreed and granted summary judgment to the defendant. This decision is currently on appeal.


    Crescent Electric Supply Company v. Coates (In re Coates), Ch. 7 Case No. 19-29067-kmp, Adv. No. 19-2211 (Bankr. E.D. Wis. Mar. 31, 2021) (March 2021) -- Judge K.M. Perhach
    The plaintiff in this adversary proceeding alleged that the debtor-defendant breached his fiduciary duties under Wisconsin’s theft-by-contractor statute and the resulting debt was nondischargeable under 11 U.S.C. § 523(a)(4). The Court denied the plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment. The plaintiff, a supplier of electrical materials and fixtures, proved that the sums paid by project owners constituted a trust fund and that the debtor-defendant was a fiduciary of the trust. However, fact issues remained as to the debtor-defendant’s state of mind. Fact issues also remained as to the plaintiff’s damages, including whether the debtor-defendant paid the plaintiff “proportionally” as required by the theft-by-contractor statute and whether the plaintiff was entitled to treble damages under the statute.